Urologist - The Urinary Tract Specialist

  • An urologist is a health practitioner which specializes in female and male urinary tract anatomy, function and pathological disease. A man reproductive system can often be especially specialty and trained professionals can diagnose and treat patients with these types of disorders. Organ systems treated by urologists include adrenal glands, kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate, plus the penis. Urologists always work with with doctors that specialize in endocrinology, gastroenterology, gynecology, nephrology, oncology and pediatric surgery.

    Diseases and disorders that urologists treat include urinary tract infections, benign prostatic hyperplasia, cancer, precancerous lesions, congenital abnormalities, stress incontinence, reproductive system disorders, and plenty of other surgical and non-surgical problems.

    Bladder infections come from bacterial infestation at any time down the urinary tract. Common symptoms include burning, increased should void, urgency, pain while urinating or cloudy, discolored urine. The most common reason for infection is E. coli. Any amount of bacteria in urine can be regarded as abnormal, although only higher levels are often treated. The most common kind of urinary tract infection is acute bladder cystitis. If your infection ascends into the kidney, it gets more severe and it is generally known as pyelonephritis. However, most urinary tract infections are relatively innocuous and given a short duration of antibiotics prescribed via a family medicine doctor or urologist.

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia is undoubtedly an surge in the size of the prostate gland and it is common in just about all men the older they get. Symptoms that indicate treatment may be needed include hesitation while urinating, urgency, incapacity to void, genealogy and family tree of cancer of the prostate, painful urination, or increased incidence of urinary tract infections. An urologist may test degrees of prostate specific antigen when diagnosing or following benign prostatic hyperplasia course and prognosis. Treatment may involve something as simple as lifestyle modifications or more invasive transurethral prostate resection.

    Urologists also diagnose and treat variations of incontinence. Stress incontinence would be the incapacity to retain urine in the bladder on account of weakness of muscles that support the pelvic floor. Urine leakage often occurs when coughing, sneezing or laughing. If your pelvic floor cannot support a rise in intra-abdominal pressure, the urethra may displace downward and invite urine to pass. The most common forms of stress incontinence girls spring from physical changes when pregnant and childbirth. These are often affected by stress incontinence after radical or conservative prostatectomy surgery to take care of benign prostatic hyperplasia or cancer of the prostate. Treatment varies from noninvasive weight reduction and pelvic floor exercises to more extensive pessary or sling implantation and urethropexy surgery. An urologist might also prescribe alpha-1 adrenergic receptor blocker medication that can help constrict muscles for the neck with the bladder and urethra.

    Urologists must complete general medical educational training as well as accredited residency program that may be at the least 5yrs long. The American Board of Urology approves surgeons for board certification and reviews applications and examinations. Make contact with an urologist in your town today for the consultation and appropriate therapy recommendation.

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